Aquilegia chrysantha

There are numerous cultivars of Columbine, some hardier than others, that bloom from mid-spring to midsummer in a wide range of colors, including blues, pinks, reds, bicolors and yellows. Depending on the variety, the crown-shaped flowers  of Columbine are single to double, with or without spurs. A spur is developed when a petal of the flower develops into an elongated hollow spike that extends behind the flower (the photo above shows a Bold-supurred Columbine). The spur contains nectar which is a big attraction for hummingbirds, bees and other insects.

Columbine grow best in well-drained, compost enriched soil in full sun to filtered shade.

Type of Plant: Perennial

Distinguishing Characteristics: Deeply lobed leaves form a backdrop for many flowers with pale yellow sepals and darker yellow petals with long spurs.

Water Use: Moderate

Flower Color: Various

Sun/Location: Full Sun to Shade